How To Use Terminal On Mac

Terminal is a powerful tool that allows you to interact with your Mac using text commands. It can be intimidating at first, but with a little practice, you’ll find it to be a handy tool for performing tasks quickly and efficiently. In this article, we’ll show you how to use Terminal on Mac and take advantage of its features.

Opening Terminal

To open Terminal, you can use Spotlight by pressing Command + Spacebar and typing “Terminal” in the search bar. Alternatively, you can open it from the Utilities folder, which is located in the Applications folder.

Basic Commands

Once you have opened Terminal, you will see a command prompt. This is where you can enter commands. Here are some basic commands to get you started: – cd: This command allows you to change the current directory. – ls: This command lists the contents of the current directory. – mkdir: This command creates a new directory. – rm: This command removes a file or directory. – touch: This command creates a new file.

Using Tab Completion

One of the benefits of using Terminal is the ability to use tab completion. This means that you can start typing a command or file name and then hit the tab key to complete it. This can save you a lot of time and effort.

Customizing Your Terminal

You can customize your Terminal by changing the font, color, and other settings. To do this, go to Terminal > Preferences. From there, you can adjust the settings to your liking.

Using Keyboard Shortcuts

To make using Terminal even more efficient, you can use keyboard shortcuts. Here are some useful shortcuts to get you started: – Command + C: Copy selected text. – Command + V: Paste copied text. – Command + K: Clear the screen. – Control + A: Move to the beginning of the line. – Control + E: Move to the end of the line. – Control + U: Delete everything to the left of the cursor.

Redirecting Output

You can redirect the output of a command to a file or another command. This can be useful when you want to save the output for later use or when you want to pipe the output to another command. Here’s how to redirect the output: – >: Redirects output to a file. – |: Pipes output to another command.

Using Environmental Variables

Environmental variables are values that are set in the Terminal environment and can be used by commands. Here are some common environmental variables and their uses: – HOME: The user’s home directory. – PATH: A list of directories that the system searches for executables. – USER: The current user’s username.

Using Aliases

You can create aliases for commonly used commands to save time. Here’s how to create an alias: alias name='command' For example, if you want to create an alias for the ls command: alias l='ls -l' Now, every time you type l, it will run the ls -l command.

Using Scripts

You can create scripts to automate tasks using Terminal. Here’s how to create a script: 1. Open Terminal and type nano 2. Type the commands you want to include in the script. 3. Press Control + X to save and exit. Now, you can run the script by typing ./

Using SSH

You can use Terminal to connect to another computer using SSH. Here’s how to connect using SSH: ssh username@ipaddress Replace username with the username of the remote computer and ipaddress with the IP address of the remote computer.


Q: How do I find the IP address of my Mac?

To find the IP address of your Mac, open Terminal and type ifconfig. Look for the IP address under the en0 or en1 interface.

Q: How do I copy and paste in Terminal?

To copy in Terminal, select the text you want to copy and press Command + C. To paste, move the cursor to where you want to paste and press Command + V.

Q: How do I create a new file in Terminal?

To create a new file, use the touch command followed by the filename. For example, touch myfile.txt.

Q: How do I delete a file in Terminal?

To delete a file, use the rm command followed by the filename. For example, rm myfile.txt.


In this article, we have covered the basics of using Terminal on Mac. With practice, you will become more comfortable using Terminal and will be able to perform tasks quickly and efficiently. Don’t be afraid to experiment with different commands and features to see what works best for you. Good luck!